The physical property of the blocks inside arteries supplying blood to heart is the emerging concern in the treatment of heart patients following an episode of heart attack, revealed a study by city based Sarvodaya Hospital. The department of cardiac sciences at Sarvodaya Hospital has seen in its analysis that cases where arterial blocks are extreme rigid have risen from 1% to 4%, a 3-fold rise.
Addressing a press conference at hotel here today, Dr. L.K.Jha , senior interventional cardiologist at Sarvodaya hospital said “The incidence prevalence of 4 % in our analysis is 300% more than earlier thought of 1 in 10 patients. This is a sensitive indication of heart disease worsening among Indian population”
The study was based on observing around 5000 angiograms done in the past 2 years at Sarvodaya hospital. 30% cases had one artery 100% blocked, 4% had severe heart blockages which are difficult to break with routine methods.
Dr Jha added that “our observations on risk factors yielding such situation point out mainly at postponing of treatment following primary symptoms of coronary artery disease, high levels of cholesterol and uncontrolled diabetes. Additional risk factors were inactivity, smoking, uncontrolled hypertension. We also underline high exposure to polluted air as potential precursor to worsening of arterial obstructions.
Dr Masaki Tanabe , Head of Cardiovascular Department at Daini Okamoto General Hospital , Japan informed that CTOs are typically the most challenging types of blockages to treat with an interventional procedure. However, in recent years, significant progress has been made in the field. We now have a better understanding of the disease as well as the types of patients who can benefit from the procedure because of technological advances and research findings. With advanced techniques and training, experienced practitioners of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for CTOs can achieve success rates greater than 90%.