What is Epilepsy and what are the symptoms and causes of the disease _ Dr. Mohana Rao: In this article, Dr. Mohana Rao, a leading neurologist who provides one of the Best Epilepsy treatments in Andhra Pradesh, talks about “What is Epilepsy and what are the symptoms and causes of the disease?”
The neurosurgeon Dr. Mohana Rao Patibandla is a well-known figure in the state of Andhra Pradesh. He is one of the few neurosurgery specialists who has received training in the United States and is a neuroscience specialist who delivers the best Epilepsy Treatment in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
A neurological illness affecting the central nervous system (neurological activity) is called Epilepsy. Seizures or moments of odd behavior, sensations, and even loss of consciousness are caused by epilepsy.
Epilepsy can affect anyone at any time. Epilepsy affects both men and women of all ages and races, as well as people of many ethnic backgrounds and cultural backgrounds.
The symptoms of a seizure can be extremely variable. During a seizure, some persons with epilepsy just stare blankly for a few seconds, while others jerk their arms or legs frequently, depending on their condition.
Having a single seizure does not necessarily indicate that you have epilepsy. At least two seizures that occur without a known trigger (unprovoked seizures) and occur at least 24 hours apart are often required for an epilepsy diagnosis to be established.
Medications and, in rare cases, surgical intervention can be used to control seizures in the vast majority of persons suffering from epilepsy. Some people require lifetime treatment to keep their seizures under control, whereas for others, the seizures eventually subside or disappear. Some children who are diagnosed with epilepsy may outgrow the disease as they grow older.
Dr. Mohana Rao is also mentioned in some of the top sites like Practo, Clinicspots, Lybrate as one of the top Neurologists in Andhra Pradesh.
Because epilepsy is caused by aberrant brain activity, seizures can interfere with any process that your brain is in charge of coordinating.
The following are examples of seizure signs and symptoms:
- Confusion will only last for a short time.
- Muscles that are stiff
- Jerking movements of the arms and legs that are uncontrollable
- Consciousness or awareness has been lost
- Psychiatric symptoms such as panic, anxiety
Symptoms vary based on the type of seizure. In the majority of situations, a person suffering from epilepsy will experience the same sort of seizure each time, resulting in symptoms that are consistent from episode to episode.
Doctors commonly divide seizures into two categories: focal seizures and generalized seizures. The distinction is made depending on how and where the abnormal brain activity occurs notes Dr. Mohana Rao a premium neurologist from Andhra Pradesh.
In around half of those who suffer from epilepsy, there is no known cause for the disorder. There are a variety of causes that may be responsible for the condition in the other half, including:
Influence of genetics
The occurrence of some varieties of epilepsy, which are classified based on the type of seizure you have or the portion of the brain that is affected, is passed down through generations. In these instances, it is likely that there is a genetic component at play.
Some varieties of epilepsy have been connected to specific genes by researchers, however for the vast majority of people, genes are only a fraction of the overall cause of epilepsy. Certain genes may predispose a person to seizures by increasing their sensitivity to environmental factors that cause them.
Trauma to the head
Epilepsy can develop as a result of a car accident or other severe injury to the head.
Anomalies of the brain
Epilepsy can be caused by a variety of abnormalities in the brain, including brain tumors and vascular malformations such as arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and cavernous malformations (CMs). Stroke is the primary cause of epilepsy in persons over the age of 35
Epilepsy can be caused by a variety of conditions including meningitis, HIV, viral encephalitis, and some parasite infections.
Injury to the mother during pregnancy
Babies are particularly vulnerable to brain injury before birth, which can be caused by a variety of circumstances, including an infection in the mother, inadequate nourishment, or oxygen deprivation. Epilepsy and cerebral palsy are two conditions that might develop from this brain injury say Andhra Pradesh-based Dr. Mohana Rao.
Epilepsy and developmental problems, such as autism, can sometimes be found together in the same person.
When should you visit the doctor?
If any of the following symptoms occur, get medical attention right away:
- The seizure lasts for a period of time greater than five minutes.
- After the seizure has ended, there is no return of breathing or consciousness.
- A second seizure occurs very quickly after the first.
- You’re running a high fever.
- You’re expecting a child.
- You’ve been diagnosed with diabetes.
- During the seizure, you sustained an injury to your body.
- Despite the fact that you’ve been taking anti-seizure medication, you continue to experience seizures.
- If you encounter a seizure for the first time, get medical care.