Babasaheb Bhimrao Ramji Dr. Ambedkar was a researcher, a social reformer and a pioneer who committed his life to overthrow social injustice in India. He built up the nation of equality, a country which gave more prominent chances to individuals who were historically disadvantaged.
Babasaheb’s family was from the Mahar people group and originated from the Ambavade town of Mandangad taluka in the Ratnagiri region of Maharashtra. He was born in the military cantonment town of Mhow, now in Madhya Pradesh on 14 April 1891 as his dad was then a Subedar Major with the Mahar Regiment of the Indian Army.
He went to a government school where kids from lower castes were viewed as untouchables and isolated from others by not permitting them to sit in the classroom. In 1894, BR Ambedkar’s family moved to Satara in Maharashtra, and shortly after that, his mom passed away.
His instructor Mahadev Ambedkar, a Brahmin, was enamored with him and changed his surname from ‘Ambavadekar’ to his own particular surname ‘Ambedkar’ in school records. In 1897, Babasaheb’s family moved to Bombay. He wedded Ramabai in 1906 when he was 15 and Ramabai nine years of age. Still, it did not discourage him in his scholarly interests as he passed the matriculation examination in 1907 and entered the Elphinstone College the next year, turning into the first person from his community to do so.
By 1912, he acquired his degree in Economics and Political Science from Bombay University and took up work with the government of the princely territory of Baroda. This opened up new roads for BR Ambedkar as he got a chance to seek his post-graduation at the Columbia University in the United States in 1913 through a Baroda State Scholarship established by the Gaekwads of Baroda.
He passed his MA exam in June 1915 studying Economics, with Sociology, History, Philosophy and Anthropology as different subjects of study and he presented a thesis on ‘Ancient Indian Commerce’.
In October 1916 he runs for the Bar examination at Gray’s Inn and enlisted at the London School of Economics where he began to take a shot at a doctoral proposal.
In June 1917, he was obliged to return to India as the term of his grant from Baroda finished. He was later designated as Military Secretary to the Gaekwads of Baroda.
In 1918, he progressed toward becoming Professor of Political Economy in the Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics in Bombay.
During this period, BR Ambedkar Babasaheb began appreciating legislative issues as he was invited to testify before the Southborough Committee, which was designated to set up the Government of India Act 1919. At the time of this hearing in motion, he contended to draft separate electorates and reservations for untouchables other backward communities.
In 1920, he started distribution of the weekly paper Mooknayak in Mumbai with the assistance of Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj, Maharaja of Kolhapur. As a social reformer, the Maharaja played an important role in providing education and employment for people of all castes.
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